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Mostar

NOTE:
This activity/tours is NOT included in our EASY/MEDIUM/EXTREME programs.
However,since our itineraries aren't cemented, You can replace any activity/tours with this one at additional payment of 30 euros.
Mostar Walking through Mostar is walking through time. The tracks of the past times are visible in this city wherever you go. They stand next to each other, leaning, entangling in a surprising and unrepeatable symbiosis of incredible elements. Mostar as a settlement was mentioned for the first time in historical sources in the document of April 3rd, 1452, from Dubrovnik’s Archives, acccording to which Vladislav Hercegovic, the son of Herceg Stjepan had escaped from his father’s and occupied Blagaj and the two towers on the bridge over the Neretva. It further says that in the middle of the 15th century, Mostar was an important strategic area in Herzegovina, the medieval Land of Hum. Eversince the 10th century, the Hum Land was an autonomous province ruled by the local dukes, of which the most eminent were the noble families Hranic-Kosaca. Although, Mostar was mentioned for the first time only in the late Middle Ages, the found remains witness the existence of man from its beginngs - Neolitics, the Green Cave above the River Buna, the oldest settlement in the wider city area and somewhat recent Illyrian tumulus, tombs, and fortifications ……

There are no significant remains from the early Hellenic times, yet there are plenty from the late, as well as from an early Christianity. The remains of the three churches found in Cim, Zitiomislici and Sutina from an early stage of Christianity proves that there was life and religion in this area, that back than was called the Province of Dalmatia. According to archeological research, nearly all the locations witness the continuation of life and activities throughout the Midddle Ages. The numerous medieval tombs and the autochthonous upright grave stones were found on these sites. Unfortunaltely, apart from the finds that indicate the life and activities throughout the Middle Ages up to the document from 1452, we have not obtain other information about the place on which Mostar grew later. First, it was an important strategic point in the late Middle Ages whose nucleus was presented by the bridge with chains over the Neretva, at the place where the river was easy to cross, with the two towers by the bridge and the smalll settlement around the nucleus. Upon the arrival of the Turks, in the second half of the 15th century, around 1466, this strategically important settlement grew from a military fortification into a city. In the first few years, precisely on June 1st, 1474 the settlement called Mostar was mentioned for the first time in in the records of the Council of the Implored at their assembly, on which it was discussed what gift would the Government of the Republic of Dubrovnik present to the ruler of Mostar-subasa Skender. The city continued to develop following the patern of the Ottoman cities at the time, with carsija (market place) and mahala (quarter) around it. Carsija was the oldest. It occupied the most important, the most representative part of the city next to the bridge, on both banks of the Neretva. From all sides from Carsija, there were Mahalas, expanding firstly on the left bank of the Neretva, and than on the right bank in the lowland of Hum and the banks of Radobolja. An Ottoman-like urban setllement was erected in such way and reached its peak and final form at the end of the 17th and the beginning of the 18th century, whose symbol and the most engenous acomplisment in architecture was the Old Bridge from 1566. At the end of the Ottoman rule, in the middle of the 19th century, as the result of declining Turkish power there grew the rule of the Christians in the city. The construction of sacral Christian buildings, that the Christian community was alowed to build, suggests that there was a religios tolerance at the time. The oldest Christian building is an old Orthodox church from 1834.

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